Bolas spiders are small nocturnal animals with oddly ‘lumpy’ abdomens. Females are brown and can grow up to 15 mm, while the males, significantly smaller, measure about 2 mm and are distinguishable by their reddish colour. The Bolas Spider can be found in a variety of habitats ranging from gardens and meadows to shrubby areas and woodlands in America (North and South), Africa and Australia.
The Bolas spiders is famous for its unusual prey capture technique: rather than a web, the spider produces a single silk line with a super-sticky ball of glue at the end, which it flies at its prey (usually moths). This is where the spider gets its name from. The Bolas is an ancient man-made weapon (from South American) used to capture animals.
But the Bolas Spider has another evil trick to attract its prey. The Spider releases pheromones to attract excited male moths hoping to mate with a female. They get captured and eaten instead.